Glossary of terms

Note: The descriptions below are not intended to be legal definitions. The Regulations in the Calendar should also be referred to when interpreting these terms.

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Academic English Language Requirement: A specified level of attainment in English studies in NCEA, CIE and IB; if admitted without meeting this requirement students may satisfy it in their first year of study by passing a specified undergraduate course in academic English.

Academic Head: A person appointed to an academic leadership position with responsibility for managing a school or department.

Academic Integrity Course: An online course designed to increase student knowledge of academic integrity, university rules relating to academic conduct, and the identification and consequences of academic misconduct.

Academic Standing:
 A means of measuring a student’s academic performance each semester. Students are required to pass at least 50 percent of points enrolled in a semester to maintain good academic standing. Graduated academic sanctions apply to students failing to meet this requirement.

Ad Eundem Statum: A means of admission to the University on the basis of a qualification awarded by a body other than the New Zealand Qualifications Authority or the University of Auckland.

Admission: The process by which a student applies, and is approved, for entry to the University and to a University qualification.

Alumni: A term describing graduates of the University and staff who have worked for the University.



Bachelors degree: A first degree.



Campus: A geographic location where University of Auckland qualifications are delivered.

 A qualification awarded after academic study of a coherent programme of between 60 and 120 points.

Certificate of Proficiency: Recognises successful completion of a course by those who are not enrolled in a degree or diploma.

Class: A component of a course, eg, a lecture stream.

Completing student: A student whose current enrolment is designed to complete a certificate, diploma or degree.

Conjoint degree: Enables students to complete two bachelors-level degrees, in a single programme of study. Conjoint degrees, often referred to as ‘conjoints’, require enrolment in less points than the separate components and may be completed in a shorter timeframe than two degrees.

Core courses: Compulsory courses that cover knowledge essential for the completion of a programme of study.

Corequisite course:
 A course that should be taken in the same semester as another unless it has previously been satisfactorily completed.

Council: The governing body of the University. It is composed of elected staff, students and graduates, and external appointees.

Course: A basic component of all academic programmes.

Course prescriptions:
 A list of courses including course code, title, points value, description of content, prerequisites, corequisites and restrictions.

Course schedule: A list of the courses prescribed for a programme which forms part of the regulations.

Coursework: Assessable work produced by students, normally submitted during teaching weeks, eg, essays, assignments, reports, tests, and practical, tutorial and seminar work.

Cross-credit: A course which is common to two University of Auckland undergraduate diplomas or Bachelors degrees and is credited to both.

CUAP: Committee on University Academic Programmes: A subcommittee of Universities New Zealand on which all universities and the New Zealand Students Association are represented; CUAP undertakes programme approval and moderation procedures for the universities in New Zealand, as well as providing advice and comment on academic matters and developments across the university system.

Cumulative GPA:
 calculated from all grades achieved by a student. Used for selection purposes unless an alternative has been indicated by the Faculty.

Current enrolment: Courses or other work taken by a student in a particular academic year or semester.



Degree: Principal qualification awarded by the University of Auckland, ie, bachelors, masters and doctoral degrees.

Diagnostic English Language Needs Assessment.

Department: A division of a faculty centred around a subject or group of related subjects.

 A University qualification, generally awarded at graduate or postgraduate level.

Direct entry:
 Entry into a higher level of a subject or later part of a degree without the prerequisites.

Discipline: A branch of knowledge which is researched and taught at the University.

Dissertation: A written research component of a degree or diploma worth between 30 and 80 points.

Distance education:
 Courses or programmes of study which provide content and support services to students who rarely, if ever, attend for face-to-face or for on-campus access to educational facilities.

Postgraduate degrees and postgraduate diplomas may be awarded with Distinction to signify a highly superior level of performance.

Doctoral degree:
 A qualification at an advanced level requiring an original contribution to knowledge.



EFTS: Equivalent full-time student.

Electives: A defined set of courses for a diploma or degree from which a student may make a choice.

End of lectures:
 The final day of the final teaching week of a semester. The final lecture for a particular course might occur before this day.

Enrolment: The process by which a student, having gained admission to the University and to a qualification, selects and gains entry to courses and classes.

Formal assessment under supervision occurring after the teaching in a course has been completed.

Extramural campus:
 Where the teaching occurs at a distance mainly through paper-based study materials without a requirement for students to attend scheduled, on-campus classes. Students’ study is guided by workbooks and written interaction with teaching staff.

Extramural students:
 Students who have exemption from receiving instruction on campus.



 An organisational unit responsible for the delivery of academic programmes and research. Faculties usually comprise a number of schools or departments.

Flexible learning:
 Learning characterised by a mixed mode of delivery and assessment of instructional material.



Grade Point Average (GPA): A means of measuring a student’s performance at this University. The average grade achieved over a period of time expressed numerically on a scale between 0 (no passes) and 9 (A+ average).

Grade Point Equivalent (GPE): A means of measuring a student’s prior relevant academic performance and experience. Grades or marks achieved at external institutions and/or in examinations (such as NCEA) expressed as an equivalent to a Grade Point Average on the scale 0-9.

 A person who has completed the requirements for a degree but has not yet had the degree conferred.

 A person on whom a degree has been conferred.

Graduate certificate:
A graduate certificate must be a minimum of 0.5 EFTS or 60 points. CUAP requires that half or more of the courses must be above Stage II.

Graduate diploma: A graduate diploma must be a minimum of 1.0 EFTS or 120 points. It must include 75 points above Stage II.



Honours: Degrees, in some cases completed within prescribed time limits, may be awarded with honours which signify advanced or distinguished study.



Laboratory: A teaching session of a practical nature.

Late Year Term:
A period of about 12-13 weeks used for teaching or research. It starts on 1 December and finishes on the last Saturday before the beginning of the first semester of the following academic year.

 A basic unit of instruction.

Limited entry: Applied to a course or programme for which the number of students that can be accepted is limited because of constraints on staffing, space or equipment.



Major: A required component of a degree, including a specified number of points in a subject at the most advanced level.

Masters degree: A degree programme at a higher level than a bachelors degree.

Maximum full-time enrolment: 80 points per semester, 30 points in Summer School, 45 points per quarter or 60 points in Late Year Term.

Postgraduate degrees and postgraduate diplomas may be awarded with Merit to signify a superior level of performance.

Minimum full-time enrolment: 50 points per semester, 25 points in Summer School, 25 points per quarter or 50 points in Late Year Term.

Minor: A component of a degree including a specified number of points above Stage I in a subject.

Module: An optional component of a bachelor’s degree comprising 45 points focused on a particular skill or area of study.



Normal full-time study: A student workload of 120 points in one year.

NZQA: New Zealand Qualifications Authority. The government agency that administers the National Certificates of Educational Achievement (NCEA) qualifications for secondary school students, and is responsible for the quality assurance of non-university tertiary training providers  in New Zealand.



Online campus: Where the teaching occurs online through computer-based interactions without the requirement to attend on-campus classes, though some scheduled online sessions might be compulsory. Communication between teachers and students is via a learning management system and email and reliable broadband internet access is required.



Part: A defined subdivision specified in the regulations of some degrees.

Plussage: A method of calculating the final result a student has gained in a course by counting either the final examination grade or a combination of final examination grade plus coursework, whichever is to the student’s advantage.

Point(s): A value assigned to a course or other work to indicate its weighting within the University of Auckland’s certificates, diplomas and degrees.

Postgraduate certificate: A qualification of at least 0.5 EFTS or 60 points. CUAP requires that all courses must be above Stage III.

Postgraduate diploma: A qualification of at least 1.0 EFTS or 120 points. CUAP requires that all courses must be above Stage III.

Postgraduate programme: A programme at a higher level than a bachelors degree.

 A requirement that must be met before commencement of study for a particular course or programme.

Prescribed texts: Textbooks which are considered essential to a course.

Proctor: A person who deals with disputes involving students. The Proctor can also provide advice about what to do about disputes involving a member of staff, and about other issues to do with student conduct.

Programme: A prescribed set of one or more courses or other work which on satisfactory completion leads to the award of a University of Auckland certificate, diploma or degree.

 A piece of investigative written work on a topic approved by the relevant Head of Department and supervisor.



 A 10-week period of instruction for Graduate School of Management students.



Reassigned course: A course satisfactorily completed for one programme which has been transferred to another programme.

Recognition of Prior Academic Study (ROPAS): A means of assessment of previous study for students from another institution for admission or credit to the University.

Regulation: A rule set down by the University.

Research essay: A research-based essay on a topic approved by the relevant Head of Department and supervisor.

Research Masters: A research based programme of study that includes either a 90 or 120 point thesis or research portfolio.

Research portfolio: A coherent, integrated programme of research-based work.

Research project: A piece of research-based work on a topic approved by the relevant Head of Department, usually worth between 30 and 80 points.

Restriction (restricted course): A course in which the learning objectives, content and/or assessment are so similar to a second course that a student cannot be credited with both towards a certificate, diploma or degree. In some cases a restricted course may be taken and credited as a Certificate of Proficiency.



Schedule: University lists of courses, credits or limitations, often in tabular form.

School: A division of a faculty, which may comprise departments or disciplines that teach and research similar or related academic subjects.

Semester: A period of about 15 weeks which includes about 12 teaching weeks and about three weeks for study and examinations. In addition there is a mid-semester break of up to two weeks.

Senate: An academic board that advises Council on matters courses of study or training, awards, regulations and other academic matters.

Specialisation: A programme of related courses normally comprising more than 50 percent of a qualification.

Stage: The academic level of study in a subject.

 An area of learning which may be provided by a school or a department, or by departments offering related courses.

Summer School: A six-week period during which a select range of courses is taught and assessed.



Taught Masters: A programme of study that is normally based on an undergraduate degree and includes coursework consisting of courses, project work and research in varying combinations. Masters degrees that build on generic attributes and/or experience (often called ‘conversion masters’) are usually in professional fields and are recognised as appropriate professional preparation by the industry concerned.

Thesis: A research component of a postgraduate programme having a value of 90 or more points which will have a written component but may also include design, creative or performative elements.

Transfer credit: Credit granted towards a University of Auckland qualification from work successfully completed at another tertiary institution.

 A small group-learning session.



Undergraduate: A person studying towards a first degree.

Unspecified campus: Applies to courses where the teaching occurs through scheduled face-to-face interactions on sites that are not recognised University of Auckland campuses. Examples include the provision of courses where the course material is delivered in students’ local work-related environment.