Courses - Faculty of Science

Earth Sciences

Stage I

15 Points

Foundation for Earth Sciences

Exploring and understanding the complexities of Earth systems requires earth scientists to engage with a range of quantitative techniques and tools. Introduces students to contemporary approaches for analysing and interpreting earth science data. Covers mathematical, physical, computational, and chemical methods used in the earth sciences. Emphasises practical application to a variety of earth science topics.

Restriction: EARTHSCI 263

15 Points

15 Points

Natural Hazards in New Zealand

New Zealanders are exposed to extreme natural events and processes including earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, weather bombs, storm surge, tsunami, flooding, landslides and erosion. The physical context for each hazard is provided, drawing on the disciplines of geology, geomorphology and climatology. The frequency and magnitude of natural hazards for New Zealand are considered using different sources. Impacts on modern society are discussed using case studies and scenario modelling.

15 Points

Planet Earth

Examination of geologic processes that have shaped Earth and life through time, and their impact on modern society. Topics include: earthquakes, plate tectonics, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, landslides, meteorites and planets, mass extinctions and evolution of life. A practical introduction to rocks, minerals and fossils provides insights into Earth's past and important modern resources.

Restriction: EARTHSCI 103

Stage II

15 Points

Earth History

Explores the evolution of the Earth from its molten beginnings to the dynamic planet we live on today. Topics include: stratigraphy (litho-, bio-, cyclo-, magneto-); evolution; paleoecology; Precambrian Earth (formation, first continents and beginnings of life); development of the Earth and life through the Phanerozoic Eon. Knowledge of geological mapping equivalent to EARTHSCI 201 or 220 will be assumed.

Prerequisite: 75 points, including at least 15 points from EARTHSCI 103, 120

15 Points

Rock and Minerals

The formation of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks, the minerals they contain, and how they can be used to interpret major Earth Science processes such as crustal evolution, volcanism, mountain building, deformation, and sedimentation.

Prerequisite: 15 points from EARTHSCI 103, 120

15 Points

15 Points

New Zealand: Half a Billion Years on the Edge

Take a 500 million year journey through time following the geologic and biologic development of New Zealand from humble beginnings on the edge of the ancient supercontinent Gondwana to the present day geologically dynamic land mass beset by volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and massive erosion as a consequence of being located on the edge of the Earth's largest tectonic plate.

Prerequisite: 75 points passed

15 Points

Earth Structure

A foundation course that introduces students to descriptive and analytical methods in structural geology. Geological maps are used to help students analyse structural features (e.g., folds, faults, contacts). On completion of this course, students should be able to interpret geological maps, construct cross-sections, and synthesise analytical results into a structural history.

Prerequisite: 15 points at Stage I in Earth Sciences

Restriction: EARTHSCI 204

15 Points

Special Topic

15 Points

Practice in Earth Sciences 1

A practical and field based course that introduces and develops theory and work flows to enable students to read, document and interpret landforms and landscapes in 4-D. Students will be required to participate in a residential field experience and undertake independent field work.

Prerequisite: 15 points from EARTHSCI 120, GEOG 101

Restriction: EARTHSCI 201, 260

15 Points

Climate and Society

Exploration of themes in climatology, meteorology, hydro-climatology and oceanography with a focus on the nature and role of key processes. These will be examined in relation to key issues for society such as extreme weather events, drought, floods, air pollution and climate change.

Prerequisite: GEOG 101

Restriction: GEOG 261

15 Points


Introduces fundamental concepts in geomorphology for geologists and physical geographers. Key aspects of geomorphology, sedimentology, and earth surface processes are introduced by studying the temporal and spatial development of coastal and river landforms. Applied techniques for earth and environmental sciences, including field, remote sensing, GIS mapping, and modelling.

Prerequisite: GEOG 101

Restriction: GEOG 262

Stage III

15 Points

Sedimentary Systems

An advanced course that critically examines sedimentary systems from the mineral to basin scale. Highlights the latest research and techniques used to interpret carbonate and clastic sedimentary systems, including petrological techniques, paleoenvironment facies analysis, sequence stratigraphy, basin analysis and geophysics. Real-life case studies will also show how hydrocarbon systems work in a sedimentary system context.

Prerequisite: Any 30 points at Stage II in Earth Sciences or Biological Sciences, plus an understanding equivalent to EARTHSCI 202 will be assumed

15 Points

Dynamic Quaternary Environments

An exploration of the evolution of climatic and environmental variability over the past 2.6 million years in the context of our present warming world. The topic is multi-disciplinary and examines aspects of paleoceanography, sea-level change, paleo ice sheets, paleohydrology, paleoecology, paleolimnology, and speleothems and the techniques used extract the records of change that they contain.

Prerequisite: 45 points at Stage II, including 15 points from EARTHSCI 201, 202, 220, GEOG 260-263, or equivalent

15 Points

Tectonic and Magmatic Systems

Explores the tectonic and magmatic evolution of Earth and planetary systems, including their formation, composition, and how they deform. Students are exposed to seminal literature covering the various geological, geochemical, geophysical, and modelling tools and methods used for deciphering Earth deformation and magmatism, and the critical feedbacks between these processes. Recommended preparation: EARTHSCI 203, 208

Restriction: EARTHSCI 304, 305

15 Points

Special Topic

15 Points

Analytical Skills in Geology

A laboratory and field-based course expanding a student’s ability to collect, synthesise and analyse the range of datasets encountered in Earth Sciences, in disciplines such as geochemistry, sedimentology, structural geology and geophysics. Activities focus around a residential geological field-trip, where students develop advanced quantitative field skills in geologically diverse settings, and provide a report synthesising and interpreting their collected data.

Prerequisite: EARTHSCI 220, 30 points from EARTHSCI 202, 203, 208, 262 and a Grade Point Average of 5.0 or higher

15 Points

Practice in Earth Sciences 2

A practical and field based course that embeds theory and work flows to enable students to read, document and interpret complex and vulnerable landforms and landscapes in 4-D. Students will be required to participate in a residential field experience and undertake independent field work.

Prerequisite: EARTHSCI 220

Restriction: EARTHSCI 301, GEOG 330

15 Points

Exploration Geophysics

Introduction to geophysical methods and their applications. The course will provide a comprehensive overview on seismic methods, an introduction to gravity, electric, magnetic, electromagnetic, and radar techniques, and a short overview on other methods. Applications include hydrocarbon exploration, mineral exploration, studies of the shallow sub-surface and the deep Earth. Recommended preparation: Understanding of mathematics covered in MATHS 102 or 110 and geology covered in EARTHSCI 103 or 120 is assumed.

Prerequisite: 15 points from EARTHSCI 201-204, 220, GEOLOGY 201-204, 220, PHYSICS 230, 231

Restriction: GEOLOGY 361, GEOPHYS 361

15 Points

Engineering Geology

An integration of quantitative and qualitative concepts in geology as applied to engineering projects. Fundamentals of soil and rock mechanics will be introduced. Topics covered in the course include landslides, dewatering schemes, contaminant transport, foundations, mines (open-pit and underground), dams, tunnels, urban geology, and transportation infrastructures. Case studies are used in lectures to demonstrate the importance of geology and water to engineering projects. Fieldwork is required.

Prerequisite: CIVIL 220 or EARTHSCI 201 or 220 or GEOLOGY 201, and 30 points from EARTHSCI 201-263, GEOG 260-263, GEOLOGY 202-205

Restriction: CIVIL 726, GEOLOGY 372

15 Points

Field Focused Research in Earth System Science

An in-depth research based course that acts as an introduction to researching within an Earth System Sciences paradigm. Students will conduct their own independent research and interact with the vibrant research community of the University of Auckland through critically reading scientific papers, attending research presentations, and preparing their own research to be shared through a research report and professional research presentation.

Prerequisite: Permission of Academic Head

15 Points

Directed Study

Prerequisite: Permission of Academic Head

15 Points

Capstone: Earth Sciences

Conducting an Earth Science investigation involving a range of skills, as practised in research and industry careers. Students will undertake an independent research project involving field, desktop and/or laboratory work, and communicate the results in written and oral formats. Skills gained include ability to design a research project, collect and analyse qualitative and quantitative Earth Science data, and research communication.

Prerequisite: 30 points at Stage III in Earth Sciences

Postgraduate 700 Level Courses

15 Points

Hydrothermal Systems: Geothermal Energy and Ore Deposits

Active hydrothermal systems are dynamic and of vital significance to national energy requirements. In addition, their fossil equivalents are often important sites for ore deposition. This course overviews the geologic, hydrologic, and geochemical features of hydrothermal systems with an emphasis on exploration and development of active systems for geothermal energy, and fossil systems for mineral resources.

15 Points

Directed Study in Earth Sciences

Prerequisite: Head of School approval

15 Points


Contemporary methods used to identify and assess natural hazards, techniques used for the probabilistic forecasting, spatial representation and communication of hazards. How the relationship between hazard information, risk mitigation and emergency management is addressed. There will be a strong focus on the use of case studies.

15 Points

Special Topic

15 Points

Research Topic in Earth Sciences

Prerequisite: Head of School approval

15 Points

Tectonic Geomorphology

New Zealand is an ideal location in which to investigate the interplay between tectonics and geomorphic processes. This will be demonstrated by combining relevant case studies and field practice whereby students will develop skills in report writing and handling of some of the data, literature and tools necessary to conduct field research in active tectonics and landform generation.

15 Points

Earthquake Geology

Understanding why, how and where earthquakes occur from identification of their source parameters to consideration of their effects (ground shaking, fault rupture and crustal stress changes). Topics include seismic style, earthquake size and source parameters, recurrence interval, conditions for failure, and earthquakes as agents for crustal fluid redistribution.

15 Points

Geochemistry of our World

Provides a broad overview of applications of geochemistry across multiple disciplines. In addition, this course will help determine the suitability of different analytical techniques to different problems while providing practical experience in collecting and evaluating geochemical data. Subject areas are wide-reaching and include, geology, environmental science, biology, archaeology, and forensic sciences. No formal prerequisite but knowledge of introductory chemistry will be assumed.

15 Points

Reconstructing Environmental Change

Examines key issues in environmental change with an emphasis on the South West Pacific during the Quaternary. Methods applied to reconstruct and constrain the timing of environmental change are explored, including glacial geomorphology, environmental isotopes, micro- and macro-fossil remains such as pollen, diatoms and wood, and relevant geochronologic techniques. No formal prerequisite, but an understanding equivalent to EARTHSCI 307, GEOG 334 or GEOLOGY 303 will be assumed.

15 Points

Understanding Volcanic Systems

Understanding how and why volcanoes erupt from magma processes in mantle to eruption at the surface. All tectonic settings and explosive and effusive processes are examined. Volcanic hazards and resource exploration in volcanic terrain is also covered.

15 Points

Pure and Applied Sedimentology

An integrated account of aspects of advanced sedimentology from sediment source to sink. Critical examination of recent and ongoing, pure and applied research into the dynamics of sedimentary environments and their recognition in the ancient record. No formal prerequisite, but knowledge of sedimentology and sedimentary processes at the level covered in GEOG 262 or GEOLOGY 202 will be assumed.

15 Points

Sub-surface Geophysical Exploration

The practice behind exploring the subsurface using seismic waves, ground-penetrating radar, and potential field methods. The course consists of four modules focusing on the rock physics background of geophysical techniques, aspects of geophysical studies of reservoirs, ground-penetrating radar surveys, as well as interpretation of gravity, magnetic and electrical data.

Prerequisite: GEOPHYS 330, EARTHSCI 361 or GEOPHYS 361 or equivalent

Restriction: GEOPHYS 761, 762, 763

15 Points

Marine Geosciences

The multidisciplinary field of Marine Geosciences, including an overview on acoustic surveying of seafloor and water column, and field acquisition of echosounder data. Further topics include analysis of sediment cores, seafloor sedimentology, marine geochemistry, marine hydrocarbon exploration, and seafloor stability.

15 Points

Engineering Geological Mapping

A field-based course which provides hands-on experience in outcrop mapping, geomorphic mapping, and simple field testing of rocks and soils for geotechnical purposes.

15 Points

Advanced Engineering Geology

Advanced engineering geology focused on engineering practice. Interpretation of in-situ testing and laboratory test data (including groundwater) for the derivation of design parameters for input into numerical modeling software. The topics covered include, but are not limited to, design and analysis of site investigation, advanced core logging, slope stability analysis, rock fall assessment, introduction to numerical modeling, liquefaction and seismic hazard assessment for engineering design.

15 Points


Introduces aquifers and aquifer properties; the various processes and techniques utilised in the discovery, development and assessment of groundwater resources; groundwater in construction; groundwater contamination.

15 Points

Advanced Field Earth Sciences

An advanced field-based course in geological and earth surface processes. Students will be exposed to terrains and techniques that build on their undergraduate field studies. Students will undertake semi-independent fieldwork such as terrain and geologic mapping. No formal prerequisite but an understanding equivalent to EARTHSCI 301, 320 or 330 will be assumed.

60 Points

BAdvSci(Hons) Dissertation in Geology - Level 9

Prerequisite: Programme Coordinator approval

30 Points

15 Points

15 Points

Honours Research Project - Level 9

To complete this course students must enrol in EARTHSCI 789 A and B, or EARTHSCI 789

30 Points

60 Points

Thesis in Engineering Geology - Level 9

To complete this course students must enrol in EARTHSCI 794 A and B

60 Points

60 Points

MSc Thesis in Earth Sciences - Level 9

To complete this course students must enrol in EARTHSCI 796 A and B